Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI) was firstly established on October 20, 1954 in Bandung and officiated by the Minister of Education, Mr. Muhammad Yamin. The establishment of UPI formerly named as Teacher Education College or Perguruan Tinggi Pendidikan Guru aimed at educating and intellectualizing the life of a nation in order to give substance to the nation’s independence. This Teacher Education College was established based on the following considerations consisting of: First, after Independence Day, Indonesia had more concerns on Education. Second, in order to advance the education quality focusing on realizing the prosperous society, the qualified teachers in the university level was highly in demand.

UPI main building which was initially an ex-Villa named Villa Isola was the relic existing since prior to the World War II. During the struggle against the colonialists, this building was once used as the headquarters of the freedom fighters. Then, after those moments, this building was then renovated and used as the magnificent and artistic Bumi Siliwangi Building.

For the first time, in this renovated building, the youth received teacher education in the level of university as the realization of the Decree of the Minister of Teaching Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia (No. 35742 1 September 1954 Concerning the Establishment of Teacher Education College).

In the beginning, this Teacher Education College was chaired by a Dean who was responsible for presiding some departments and centers consisting of:

  • Science Education;
  • Science of Physical Education;
  • Indonesian Language and Literature;
  • English Language and Literature;
  • Cultural History;
  • Exact Science;
  • Economics and State Law; and
  • Education Research Center.

In accordance with the Decree of the Minister of Education, Teaching, and Culture, No 40718/S in that time stating that Teacher Education College was independent and became a college or a college under a university, this College was then integrated as one of the faculties under Universitas Padjadjaran (UNPAD) named the Faculty of Teacher and Science Education on November 25, 1958.

In order to stabilize the system in producing teachers and educational personnel, various courses in that time consisting of teacher education B I and B II were integrated into the Faculty of Teacher and Science Education as mandated through the Decree of the Minister of Education and Culture No. 6 of 1961. As the time went by, the Faculty of Teacher and Science Education was transformed into the Faculty of Teacher and Science Education A and B. In the same time, the Teacher Education Institute was firstly established and it then promoted the dualism in the teacher education institutions. With respect to this issue, the Presidential Decree No 1 of 1963 was issued on May 1, 1963 as a means of integrating those two institutions into Teacher and Science Education Institute or Institut Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan (IKIP) as the only teacher education institution in the level of university.

In that time, the Teacher and Science Education Institute or IKIP Bandung had five faculties consisting of the Faculty of Science Education, the Faculty of Social Science Teacher, the Faculty of Arts and Literature Teacher, the Faculty of Exact Science Teacher, and the Faculty of Engineering Science. Since the existence of teachers was highly in demand, the teacher competencies should also be improved and equalized among teachers.  This circumstance encouraged IKIP Bandung to open the branches. In 1967 – 1970, IKIP Bandung had opened the branches in almost all regencies in West Java province.

IKIP Bandung played a profound role, especially after it had been legalized as IKIP Founder that was responsible for administering some regional branches of IKIP outside of Java Island consisting of IKIP Regional Campus of Banda Aceh, Palembang, Palangkaraya, and Banjarmasin. Based on the policies of Department P and K, in the early 1970s, those regional branches of IKIP were gradually closed and turned into the faculties of University in each region.

In order to improve the quality of teachers, IKIP Bandung opened a Post-Doctoral Education Institution in 1970 and was responsible for managing the Master and Doctoral Programs. In 1976, Post-Doctoral Education Institution was changed into a Postgraduate School. Then, the Postgraduate School was again changed into the Faculty of Postgraduate in 1981 and again changed into the Postgraduate Program in 1991. Finally, in 2000, the School of Postgraduate Study Program was chosen as the official name for this Master and Doctoral Program until this present time. 

Since the government concerned primarily on structuring the higher education programs by implementing multi-programs and multi-strata, IKIP Bandung then followed up these program through opening Diploma Education Program. In the academic year of 1990/1991, the D II Program of Primary Teacher Education was firstly initiated and held in order to improve the primary teacher qualification. In addition, the programs were not only held in Bumi Siliwangi Campus, but also held in the Program Implementation Units in some ex-Teacher Education Schools integrated with IKIP. In next following year in 1996/1997, IKIP Bandung also opened the D II Program of Early Childhood Teacher Education aimed to improve the early childhood teacher qualification.

In accordance with the government policy concerning the higher education as mandated for all Teacher Education Institution to anticipate the changes and possibilities in the future, IKIP Bandung was then transformed into Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia through the Decree of the Indonesian President No. 124 of 1999 on 7 October 1999.

In order to extend the scope of institution in assisting the national development, UPI is determined to be an independent and contributive university. Therefore, based on the Government Regulation No. 6 of 2004, UPI was granted autonomy and became a State Owned Legal Entity University in 2004. In 2012, the status of UPI was returned as a university established by the government based on the Presidency Regulation No 43 of 2012. 

On February 28, 2014, UPI transformed into a State Owned Legal Entity University, based on the Government Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia No. 15 of 2014 concerning the Statute of Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

The development and advancement of UPI is not only oriented in the field of academic but also in the various fields, including the stability of development concepts and planning. Through the assistance of Islamic Development Bank (IDB), UPI has designed and organized the construction of magnificent, modern, and representative campus buildings as a means of teaching and learning activities.  Supported by all possessed potentials, UPI is determined to be a Leading and Outstanding University.

The following names are the Deans of Teacher Education College, the Dean of the Faculty of Teacher and Science Education, UNPAD, the Rector of IKIP Bandung, and the Rector of UPI from time to time.

  1. Prof. Dr. Sadarjoen Siswomartojo (1954-1961) (Dean of Teacher Education College, Bandung and the Dean of the Faculty of Teacher and Science Education, UNPAD in 1957-1961)
  2. M.A. Gazali Soerianatasoedjana dan Prof. Drs. Harsojo (1961-1963) (the Dean of the Faculty of Teacher and Science Education, UNPAD A and B)
  3. Prof. Dr. H. Roeslan Abdulgani (1964-1966) (the First Rector of IKIP Bandung)
  4. Prof. Dr. H. Achmad Sanusi, S.H., M.PA. (1966-1971)
  5. Prof. Dr. Garnadi Prawirasudirdjo, M.Sc. (1971-1978)
  6. Prof. Drs. H.M. Nu'man Somantri, M.Sc. (1978-1987)
  7. Prof. Drs. H. Mas Abdul Kodir, M.Sc. (1987-1995)
  8. Prof. Dr. H.M. Fakry Gaffar, M.Ed. (1995-2005) (the First Rector of UPI)
  9. Prof. Dr. H. Sunaryo Kartadinata, M.Pd. (2005-2015)
  10. Prof. H. Furqon, M.A., Ph.D. (2015-2020) (passed away on April 2017)
  11. Prof. Dr. H. R. Asep Kadarohman, M.Si. (the Interim Rector for the Service Period of 2015-2020)